The Beginner’s Guide to Cannabinoids
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant. These compounds help regulate a number of physiological processes and have numerous effects on the body. To date, over 100 cannabinoids have been identified in the cannabis plant, including delta-9-THC, CBD, CBN, CBG, and THCV. Here’s what you need to know about these cannabinoids and how to use them to your benefit.
What are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are natural compounds found in cannabis plants. They interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, a complex network of receptors and neurotransmitters that helps regulate a wide range of bodily processes, including pain, mood, appetite, and immune function. Scientists have identified over 100 of these cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, including the well-known delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Cannabinoids are diverse in their effects. While some cannabinoids, like delta-9-THC, are psychoactive and can produce a “high,” others, like CBD, do not produce these effects but likely have other therapeutic benefits, such as pain relief.
Cannabinoids found in cannabis:
- Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-THC)
- Cannabidiol (CBD)
- Cannabinol (CBN)
- Cannabigerol (CBG)
- Cannabichromene (CBC)
- Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-8-THC)
- Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
- Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
- Delta-10-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-10-THC)
- Cannabicyclol (CBL)
Why should you know what cannabinoids are in your cannabis products?
Cannabinoids vary greatly in their effects on the body and mind, making it important to know which cannabinoids are in your cannabis products. Outside of delta-9-THC and CBD, other cannabinoids, such as CBN, CBG, and THCV, may also have therapeutic properties and produce different effects. Understanding the cannabinoid profile of a cannabis product can help individuals choose the right product for their needs and ensure that they are aware of the potential effects and risks associated with its use. Additionally, some states and countries have specific laws and regulations regarding the cannabinoid content of cannabis products, so it’s important to be informed to avoid any legal issues.
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-THC) is most commonly found in sativa strains of cannabis. It can produce a range of effects, including euphoria, relaxation, altered perception of time and space, and increased appetite.
Delta-9-THC is also believed to have potential therapeutic benefits, such as pain relief, nausea and vomiting suppression, and anti-inflammatory effects. However, its use can also have potential risks, including impaired coordination and memory, increased heart rate, and anxiety or paranoia in some people.
Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as delta-8-THC, is a cannabinoid found in cannabis plants that is chemically similar to delta-9-THC. Delta-8-THC, like delta-9-THC—which most people know—is psychoactive, meaning it produces mind-altering effects. However, these are milder and more clear-headed than delta-9-THC. It is also found in lesser amounts and only makes up a fraction of the THC found in cannabis products.
Delta-8-THC is being studied for its potential therapeutic effects, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-nausea properties. However, research on delta-8-THC is still in its early stages, and more studies are needed to fully understand its potential benefits and risks.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. It is commonly found in indica cannabis strains, and unlike delta-9-THC, CBD does not produce “high” or psychoactive effects.
Instead, it has been studied for its potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and antipsychotic effects.
CBD products have become increasingly popular in recent years and are available in a variety of forms, including oils, capsules, topicals, and edibles.
Cannabinol (CBN) is a cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant in lesser amounts. It is produced when delta-9-THC oxidizes over time or is exposed to heat or light. CBN is non-intoxicating and does not produce the psychoactive effects of delta-9-THC.
CBN is believed to have some potential therapeutic effects, with some people claiming that they experience pain relief, relief from inflammation, and mild sedation from CBN. CBN is also thought to enhance the effects of other cannabinoids, such as delta-9-THC and CBD.
CBN is available in some cannabis products, including oils, capsules, and edibles, although it is typically found in small amounts compared to other cannabinoids, making it a bit harder to extract.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis that is considered a precursor to other cannabinoids, including delta-9-THC and CBD. CBG is typically found in low concentrations in cannabis plants and is often referred to as a minor cannabinoid.
People who use CBG have claimed to enjoy benefits, including relief from inflammation and pain.
CBG is available from leading cannabis stores and can be found in a variety of products, such as in oils, capsules, and topicals. However, it is typically more expensive to produce than other cannabinoids due to its low concentrations in the plant.
Potential beneficial uses of cannabinoids
A variety of cannabinoids have been studied for their potential therapeutic benefits. Research suggests that they may have several uses in the treatment of various conditions. Some potential beneficial uses of cannabinoids include:
1. Pain relief
Cannabinoids, such as delta-9-THC and CBD, have been studied for their potential to relieve chronic pain. This may include a range of conditions, including neuropathic pain, inflammatory pain, and cancer-related pain.
2. Anxiety and depression
CBD has been studied for its potential to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression. This cannabinoid may therefore be a useful treatment option for those who do not respond well to traditional antidepressant medications.
3. Nausea and vomiting
Delta-9-THC has been shown to be effective in reducing nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing chemotherapy. It is thought that it may also be helpful in treating other conditions that cause nausea and vomiting.
4. Neurological disorders
CBD has been studied for its potential to treat neurological disorders, such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis, due to its neuroprotective properties.
Several cannabinoids, including CBD, CBN, and CBG, have been studied for their potential to reduce inflammation and may be useful in the treatment of conditions such as arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and asthma.
The bottom line
Cannabinoids are a group of naturally occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant that interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system.
While some cannabinoids, like Delta-9-THC, produce psychoactive effects and a “high,” others, like CBD, do not produce intoxicating effects but may have potential therapeutic benefits.
**Standard Disclaimer: CBD is not FDA-approved. We make no such claims that using our products will guarantee relief. Moreover, research regarding CBD is still ongoing and in the early stages.**